Whether you're working with limited space or just looking for more versatility in your gardening, containers are a great option. Container gardens provide statement seasonal color and allow you to add more variety to your garden in spite of space limitations. Here are five tips that will ensure your success!
Select the right container
Begin by selecting the right container. First, consider the size; you want to take into account the mature size of the plants you're working with. Also, look for a container with drainage holes, so that the roots don't sit in water. I love a classic terra cotta pot, but they are a little fragile, so to prevent cracking over the winter, you'll want to be sure to store them before the temperature drops below freezing. If you don't have sheltered storage, remove the saucers. This will help keep the containers dry.
Use quality soil
The next tip is to select a quality potting soil that's formulated for container use. When you squeeze the soil in your hand and release it, it should crumble, not clump. You can find soil formulated for container gardens with fertilizer included.
Select the best plants
Now that you have the container and soil ready, it's time to choose the best plants for your container garden.
You can really use any color combination you like, but to create visual interest, I like to use the thriller, filler and spiller structural concept. You start with tall thriller plants that add a vertical element to the combination. Next, use more rounded plants as fillers to give the container the look of abundance. Finally spillers are trailing plants that are placed closest to the container's edge to balance the height of the thrillers.
Fertilizer is key
Once you have your plants in place, another key to successful container gardening is fertilizer. It's like a daily vitamin for your plants because it helps them perform to their full potential. Begin by applying a controlled release fertilizer at the time of planting. Then, mid-season apply a water-soluble fertilizer to really increase your flower power.
Now for the final step – properly watering your plants. Apply water at base of plants instead of over the top. This helps hydrate the plant at the roots and prevents wet foliage – which can leave plants vulnerable to disease. Knowing when to water is also important. This may seem a little basic but it really works. Simply touch the soil with your finger. If it feels dry, that's when you want to water it. Also, remember that just because one pot needs water, it doesn't mean they all do. Differences in pot and plant sizes will determine how quickly a pot dries out.
Give these tips a try the next time you garden with containers, and see what a difference they can make in the health and beauty of your plants.